Still Fighting the Civil War

Earlier this week Governor McDonnell proclaimed April as Civil War History in Virginia Month.  While his proclaimation last year might have been controversial, the Governor wisely reworded the statement and issued it again this year.

Here's what he said:

Civil War History in Virginia Month

WHEREAS, the month of April is most closely associated with Virginia’s pivotal role in the American Civil War; it was in April 1861 that Virginia seceded from the Union following a lengthy, contentious and protracted debate within the Commonwealth, and it was in April 1865 that the War was essentially concluded with the South’s surrender at Appomattox. In the four years that fell between those momentous months, Richmond served as the capital of the Confederacy, and it was on Virginia soil that the vast majority of the Civil War’s battles were fought, in places like Manassas, Malvern Hill, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, New Market, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg, locations now forever linked with the indelible history of this perilous period; and

WHEREAS, the largest wartime population of African-American slaves was in Virginia, yet through their own acts of courage and resilience, as well as the actions of the United States army and federal government, they bequeathed to themselves and posterity a legacy of freedom; and

WHEREAS, slavery was an inhumane practice that deprived people of their God-given inalienable rights, and the Emancipation Proclamation and the Civil War ended its evil stain on American democracy and set Virginia and America on a still-traveled road to bring to fruition the great promises of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights, and ensure that all Americans have the opportunity to enjoy equally the blessings of liberty and prosperity; and

WHEREAS, the military leadership and tactics of Virginians like Confederate Generals Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and Union General George Henry Thomas are still studied, analyzed and discussed today; the heroism of brave individuals like William Harvey Carney, who was born a slave in Norfolk, gained his freedom through the Underground Railroad, and received the Medal of Honor for his valor as a Union soldier at the battle of Fort Wagner, inspires us through the ages; and the Commonwealth is the final resting place of thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers; the many cemeteries in which they lie reminding us of the cost and pain of the War and telling the stories of those who fought; and

WHEREAS, following the War, Virginia began the difficult process of returning to a nation that was, in many ways, born within her borders; that transition was aided by the actions of leader

s like General Robert E. Lee who set the strong personal example of reconciliation and grace crucial in helping the people of Virginia return peacefully to the Union, instructing Virginians to “….abandon all these local animosities and make your sons Americans.”; and former Dinwiddie County slave Elizabeth Keckley who returned to Virginia as a guest of President Lincoln and expressed forgiveness and conciliation stating: “Dear old Virginia! A birthplace is always dear, no matter under what circumstances you were born”; and

WHEREAS, the General Assembly of Virginia created the Virginia Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War Commission in 2006 “to prepare for and commemorate” the Commonwealth’s participation in the war; and

WHEREAS, from 2011-2015 a diverse and growing Commonwealth will host innumerable public events, lectures, re-enactments, seminars, and remembrances covering every aspect of the war, and no state is more closely connected to this pivotal period of American history, and therefore no state is better suited to host visitors seeking to learn about the Civil War, the Confederacy, slavery, emancipation and the full history of our United States, and for that reason Virginia encourages visitors from across the country and the world to visit the Commonwealth during this period,

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Robert F. McDonnell, Governor of Virginia, do hereby recognize April 2011 as CIVIL WAR HISTORY IN VIRGINIA MONTH, and urge all Virginians to participate in commemorations of the war’s 150th anniversary and reflect upon the lives of the courageous men and women of those difficult times by attending seminars and conferences, and by visiting battlefields, cemeteries, exhibitions, historical markers, libraries, museums and historical sites throughout the Commonwealth, and by taking part in a diversity of events and activities that highlight our shared history and heritage, as we strive to enact the vision laid out in the preamble to the United States Constitution of “a more perfect union.”

We're upon the Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War and that's going to mean millions, if not billions of dollars of tax revenue coming into the Commonwealth.  And that's a good thing.

No, not all of our history is pretty.  But it's fascinating and we learn from it.

There are, however, those who do not wish to learn.  Like the vandals who this week defaced the Robert E. Lee and Jefferson Davis statues on Monument Avenue. 

Were they “inspired” by the Governor's proclaimation?

Who knows and who cares?

What they did was vandalism.  What they did was break the law.

They proved no point other than the point that they're not capable of debating the issues.

All they accomplished as having the City spend the extra time and money to clean the childish scribbling from the monuments.

There's a time for honest debate and discussion of our history, even when it's painful.

And there's a time for vandals to be fined and punished.

I know what time it is.




    • Mark on April 8, 2011 at 5:39 pm

    Congratulations to Governor McDonnell.

    He spoke as much truth as he could, in Virgnia. Robert E Lee would slap him silly, of course. Masser Robert said slavery was ordained by God, and even said the torture of slaves was justified. Pain, wrote Lee, was a necessary “for their instruction” as a race.

    Far from being against slavery –Lee was an avid slave owner, and personallly took charge of torture of his slaves. While he did not dirty his hands with a whip, he would attend the tortures, and scream at the slaves while they were being whipped.

    Davis said slavery was “a Divine GIft” and that negroes were “only fit for servitude”. He claimed he knew how to treat slaves “as God intended”

    Whoever defaced the monument should realize — if you deface something , others will deface your heroes.

    What we need is real education in this country, so our chlldren learn what really happened.

    • Gina Patterson on April 11, 2011 at 11:01 am

    Mark –
    You might want to read the memoirs of Rev. Wm. Mack Lee (link below). He was a slave of Gen. Lee – who by the way “set all his servants free ten years before the war, but all remained on the plantation until after the surrender,” according to Mack Lee – and also in his own words – thought highly of the general.

    Now let me say that I do not entertain that slavery is an acceptable practice – EVER. I abhor the very thought of treating others any better or worse then another. My heart is pained by the suffering of others. But I do believe that we must look at our history and remember it.

    Edward Ayers, a prizewinning historian of the American South and president of the University of Richmond says; “What people need to understand is that events that changed world history happened…. And that if the Civil War had turned out differently, in a multitude of ways, all of world history would have been different. …”

    “It’s hard not to be interested in the human drama of 4 million people becoming free, of 625,000 people dying, of a struggle across the entire continent. “If you don’t find that interesting, you’re dead to human interest.”

    No, Jefferson Davis was no hero, nor Robert E Lee, but they and the majority of Confederates were proponents of states’ rights. They didn’t want the government telling them what they could and couldn’t do. Sadly the practice of slavery was protected by the Constitution. Fortunately, Mjr. Gen. Benjamin Butler made a step in changing that.

    Frankly – what I find really interesting is that both sides of this war felt God was on their side. I guess we can rationalize however suits our own agenda. God help us.

  1. Another great source for more informations on the American CV:

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